Website Manager





What is a concussion?

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury—or TBI—caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging brain cells.


Recognizing a Possible Concussion

To recognize a concussion, you should watch for the following two (2) things among your athletes:


1. A forceful blow to the head or body that results in the rapid movement of the head

- AND -

2. Any change in the athlete's behavior, thinking, physical functioning (see the signs and symptoms of concussions below)


For immediate Attention Call 911


Symptoms Observed by Coach or ParentSymptoms Reported by Athlete
-Appears dazed or stunned- Headache
- Is confused about assignment or position- Nausea or vomiting
- Forgets an assignment or instruction- Balance problems or dizziness
- Is unsure of game score or opponent- Double or blurry vision
- Moves clumsily- Sensitivity to light
- Answers questions slowly- Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy or groggy
- Shows behavior or personality changes- Concentration or memory problems
- Can't recall events prior to a hit or fall- Confusion
- Can't recall events after a hit or fall- Does not "feel right"

Protocol (Action Plan)


For Practices:

1. Remove the athlete from play. Look for signs and symptoms of a concussion if the athlete has experienced a bump or blow to the head, has reported any symptoms documented above or has any change in behavior, thinking or physical functioning. Athletes who are suspected of having a possible concussion must be removed from play. Take possession of the athlete's helmet.


2. Complete the BYLA Suspected Concussion Report. Reports are located in the PRACTICE BAG.  Alternately Download the report HERE.  Complete the report to the best of your ability and give it to the parent(s), guardian or medical professional caring for the athlete.

3. Ensure that the parent(s) or guardian understands that the athlete should be evaluated as soon as possible by an appropriate health care professional. Do not try to judge the severity of the injury yourself.


4. Notify the Boys or Girls Director (if they are not involved in incident directly) based on which program the athlete participates as soon as possible. The Director can assist in evaluating athletes for concussions. In addition, the Director will be tracking and following up on every reported concussion.


When an athlete has been removed from play because of a suspected concussion, the athlete will NOT be allowed to return to play until they have been evaluated by a health care professional with experience in evaluating for concussion AND a letter or note of clearance to return to play has been delivered to the Director (See Return to Play below)


For Games:

1. BYLA ensures that an EMT is at each BYLA Lacrosse game. EMTs are able to perform an initial concussion assessment on any child that may sustain a hit to the head during the game. BYLA will follow the EMTs medical protocol for addressing and treating concussions.


Return to Play:

It is important to understand that a repeat concussion that occurs before the brain recovers from the first can slow recovery or increase the likelihood of having long-term problems. Prevent common long-term problems and the rare second impact syndrome by delaying the athlete's return to activity until the player receives appropriate medical evaluation and approval for return to play.


To that end, the athlete shall not be permitted to participate in a Baldwin Youth Lacrosse practice or game following a concussion until:


- The treating physician has provided a written statement indicating that, in the physician’s professional judgment, it is safe for the athlete to return to play as well as any specific protocol or progression to follow to return to play.  Download BYLA Return to Play form HERE


After the athlete has been cleared by the appropriate medical professional, BYLA will begin the 6 step program to return to play (Step wise return to Play):

1.         Light aerobic exercise to increase heart rate

2.         Increased heart rate and incorporate limited body and head movement

3.         Integrated non-contact physical activity

4.         Reintegration into practice (Non-Contact)

5.         Full Contact Practice

6.         Return to Game


ImPACT Testing

Baldwin Youth Lacrosse recommends that players undergo an ImPACT test prior to the start of the season for purposes of establishing an updated baseline.  Recommendations on ImPACT testing and baselines are as follows:


1.                   Baseline screening:

2.                   Children ages 6-9 to should consider undergoing baseline concussion test.

3.                   Children 10-13 years old are strongly encouraged to undergo baseline screenings.

4.                   UPMC Sports Medicine recommends ImPACT testing each year for athletes up to 12 years of age and every two years for athletes over the age of 13. Prior concussion increases testing to every year for age 13 and above.


Baldwin Youth Lacrosse Association
PO Box 98161 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15227

Email: [email protected]

Copyright © 2024 Baldwin Youth Lacrosse Association  |  Privacy Statement |  Terms Of Use |  License Agreement |  Children's Privacy Policy  Log In